Tie & Dye
One of the traditional methods of printing textiles in India is
the Tie and Dye. Some of the other famous patterns are chandokhni, shikhara,
barah baag, and bavan baag. The tyeing of cloth with thread and then dying it
is the simplest and the oldest form of creating patterns on a plain piece of
cloth. It is believed that the birth place of Tie and Dye is Jaipur State of
India. According to another belief, it was brought to Kutch by Muslim Khatris
from Sindh. According to the another belief, these oldest forms of decorated
textiles ware found by the great archaeologist Sir Auriel Stien in Central
The technique of Tie-and-dye can be done from a saree to a
lehnga. Rajasthan is famous for this technique and has a number of tie and dye
centers. The most famous centers are Jaipur, Jodhpur and Sikar.
How to do "Tie & Dye":
In this technique, as the name suggests, cloth is first tied according to a
predetermined design in different sized knots in a way to prevent the tied area
from getting the color when the cloth is dyed. This leaves the cloth with
intricate designs in base color. The dying always starts with the lightest
color and the dark est shades are given at the end. This form of patterning
requires a mastery over dyeing.
Another form of tie and die technique which is famous in
Rajasthan is the lahriya and mothra. Here the opposite ends of the length of
the cloth are pulled and rolled together. They are tied and dyed in different
colors producing diagonal multi-colored lines. When the same process is
repeated by using the opposite ends, a check, mothra is created
Materials Required for Tie and dye Technique:
Muslin, handloom or silk cloth, thread, starch, colors, wooden blocks are the
commonly used for bandhni.
Key centers of Tie and Dye:
Gujarat or Jamnagar in Saurashtra., Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Barmer, Pali,
Udaipur and Nathdwara in Rajasthan etc are key centers of Tie and Dye
Common Colors used:
The common colors used in 'Tie and Dye' Technique are red, black
,saffron, yellow, and maroon
Bandhani, which is a technique of Tie and Dye was introduced in Jamnagar around
400 years ago. It is a dark colored doted pattern on a light background. It is
done by dyeing sections of the saree in the desired color with the use of a
piece of a felt and then tying. Later it is dyed with the background color.
Kutch produces are the finest bandhanis in India and the important bandhani
producing centers are Mandvi and Bhuj. The Khatri community of dyers are known
for their fine quality of work.